SDG 10

 

 

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Targets to be of relevance for Austria in the context of meetPASS:
10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality

Integrating climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning (SDG 13.2) could affect the achievment of SDG 10 or vice versa.
Possible relationships between these two SDGs are given below.
Please read each suggested relationship/claim/hypothesis and indicate your assessment of them.

You can add further comments at the end.

An increase in income can increase capacities to focus on climate change mitigation and adaptation.
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?

The introduction of a carbon tax will make transport more expensive and restrict the access to work and other services for those who can no longer afford petrol.
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?

Taxing transport has less regressive effects than taxing energy use.
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?

Upstream instruments, which increase the cost of production or the import of fossil fuels, have regressive effects if household expenditures (including on consumer goods) are relatively higher in low income households.
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?

Upstream instruments have smaller regressive effects than downstream policies (which occur at the end of the production chain), if the targeted businesses cannot as easily pass on increasing prices to consumers directly .
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?

A higher level of public transport provision reduces negative distributional effects.
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?

Motoring taxes may be regressive because poorer motorists spend a higher share of their income on fuels.
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?

Removing environmentally harmful subsidies might make energy less accessible to low income household. However, the money might be spent in a more targeted way to remedy this.
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?

Socially just mitigation policies are more effective and have a higher public acceptance.
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?

A rise in income is related to a rise in the carbon footprint.
How would you assess this relationship/claim/hypothesis?